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    The Essence of the Science of Nutrition

     

    Humans need essential nutrients.  Magnesium is only one of more than forty essential nutrients for humans.  We all need an adequate and balanced amount of these nutrients daily for optimal health and to optimize the healing capabilities of the body.  These forty-plus essential nutrients are listed below by the categories of the essential nutrients: 

     

    The Essential Minerals for Humans

    BULK MINERALS

    Magnesium

    Calcium

    Phosphorus

    Potassium

    Sodium

    Iodine

     

    TRACE MINERALS

    Arsenic

    Boron

    Chloride

    Chromium

    Cobalt

    Copper

    Iron

    Manganese

    Molybdenum

    Nickel

    Selenium

    Silicon

    Vanadium

    Zinc

     

    MINERAL ESSENTIALITY STILL IN QUESTION

     

    Bromine Fluorine Lead Tin

    Essential Vitamins for Humans

     

    WATER-SOLUBLE VITAMINS

     

    B vitamins:

    • Vitamin B1 (thiamin)
    • Vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
    • Vitamin B3 (niacin)
    • Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
    • Vitamin B12  (cobalamin)
    • Biotin
    • Choline
    • Folic acid
    • Pantothenic acid

     

    Vitamin C

     

    FAT-SOLUBLE VITAMINS

     

    Vitamin A

    Vitamin D

    Vitamin E

    Vitamin K

     

     

     

    Essential Fatty Acids for Humans

    Linoleic acid (omega-6)

    Linolenic acid (omega-3)

     

    Essential Amino Acids for Humans

    COMPONENTS OF FOOD PROTEIN

    Histidine (for infants)

    Isoleucine

    Leucine

    Lysine

    Methionine – Cystine

    Phenylalanine – Tyrosine

    Threonine

    Tryptophan

    Valine

    Essentiality in a Larger Context

     

    All living thingsneed specific substances from its environment in order to live.  These are the chemical entities needed for a particular species to grow and reproduce:  they are the Essential Nutrients for that species, whether it be

     

    In a larger context, these essential nutrients, along with water and energy (calories), are so important to animal life that an entire organ system – the digestive system – is always at work, ready to provide our bodies’ cells with these essential nutrients from the diet we eat. 

     

    The elements hydrogen, carbon and nitrogen are so basic to all life that they are not listed in a species’ list of essential nutrients – they are taken for granted as necessary from the environment. 

     

    Oxygen could be said to be an essential nutrient, so important that it has its own organ system -- the lungs and respiratory system – in place to constantly deliver precious oxygen to all cells of the body.  But Nutritional Science has traditionally limited itself to the study of all a species’ essential nutrients that are provided via the digestive (for animals) or root (for plants) systems.